You can't read this page like it's a novel - it's not a fluffy, gentle read, it requires drawing diagrams and trying to figure out what's being said.
A Dedekind cut is a partition of the rational numbers into two non-empty parts $A$ and $B,$ such that all elements of $A$ are less than all elements of $B,$ and $A$ contains no greatest element.

Dedekind cuts are one method of construction of the real numbers.

The set $B$ may or may not have a smallest element among the rationals. If $B$ has a smallest element among the rationals, the cut corresponds to that rational. Otherwise, that cut defines a unique irrational number which, loosely speaking, fills the "gap" between $A$ and $B.$ In other words, $A$ contains every rational number less than the cut, and $B$ contains every rational number greater than the cut. An irrational cut is equated to an irrational number which is in neither set. Every real number, rational or not, is equated to one and only one cut of rationals.

$\quad\quad$
 Whenever, then, we have to do with a cut produced by no rational number, we create a new irrational number, which we regard as completely defined by this cut ... . From now on, therefore, to every definite cut there corresponds a definite rational or irrational number .... Richard Dedekind, Continuity and Irrational Numbers, Section IV
$\quad\quad$

More generally, a Dedekind cut is a partition of a totally ordered set into two non-empty parts $A$ and $B,$ such that $A$ is closed downwards (meaning that for all $a$ in $A,$ $x\le{a}$ implies that $x$ is in $A$ as well) and $B$ is closed upwards, and $A$ contains no greatest element.

It is straightforward to show that a Dedekind cut among the real numbers is uniquely defined by the corresponding cut among the rational numbers. Similarly, every cut of reals is identical to the cut produced by a specific real number (which can be identified as the smallest element of the $B$ set). In other words, the number line where every real number is defined as a Dedekind cut of rationals is a complete continuum without any further gaps.

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